MajorArmstrong was the next officer to be killed during the mutiny. Who was the governor general during the mutiny? It was from here that Cornwallis (the same Cornwallis who surrendered to George Washington in 1781 resurfaced five years later as the Governor General in Kolkata.) The news of the uprising shook up England so much that the then governor, William Bentick, and the Commander - in - chief of the Madras army, John Cradock, were both dismissed from their positions. [11], The garrison of the Vellore Fort in July 1806 comprised four companies of British infantry from H.M. 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot and three battalions of Madras infantry: the 1st/1st, 2nd/1st and 2nd/23rd Madras Native Infantry. It is a part of Vellore and Vellore .Vellore is one of the oldest cities in India and was ruled by Vijaynagara kings over most of its history. 1) Lord Canning 2) Lord Dalhousie 3) Lord Hastings 4) Lord Lytton: 1554: 5 Previous Next. [22], After the incident, the incarcerated royals in Vellore fort were transferred to Calcutta. Tipu Sultan: The Forgotten Connection With India's First Sepoy Mutiny. Hindus were prohibited from wearing religious marks on their foreheads and Muslims were required to shave their beard and trim their moustache. Major Armstrong was the next officer to be killed during the mutiny. The controversial interference with the social and religious customs of the sepoys was also abolished. Unable to gain entry through the defended gate, Gillespie climbed the wall with the aid of a rope and a sergeant's sash which was lowered to him; and, to gain time, led the 69th in a bayonet-charge along the ramparts. For a century the Lows of Clatto survived mutiny, siege, debt and disease, everywhere from the heat of Madras to the Afghan snows. 1. Governor- General-in-Council, dated 15th July 1806. In addition General Sir John Craddock, Commander-in-Chief of the Madras Army,[2] ordered the wearing of a round hat resembling that associated at the time with both Europeans in general and with Indian converts to Christianity.The new headdress included a leather cockade and was intended to replace the existing turban. The affair alarmed the British because of its connection with the Mysore princes, who were thereupon removed to Calcutta (now Kolkata). Lord Lytton. Captain John Blakiston page 285 "Twelve Years Military Adventures in Three Quarters of the Globe or Memoirs of an officer who served in the Armies of His Majesty and of the East India Company between the years 1808 and 1814" Vol 1, published London by Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street 1829, Captain John Blakiston page 295 "Twelve Years Military Adventures in Three Quarters of the Globe or Memoirs of an officer who served in the Armies of His Majesty and of the East India Company between the years 1808 and 1814" Vol 1, published London by Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street 1829, Captain John Blakiston page 308 "Twelve Years Military Adventures in Three Quarters of the Globe or Memoirs of an officer who served in the Armies of His Majesty and of the East India Company between the years 1808 and 1814" Vol 1, published London by Henry Colburn, New Burlington Street 1829, Saul David, Location 2930 Kindle Edition, "The Devil's Wind", Sharpe Books 2018, 69th (South Lincolnshire) Regiment of Foot, "John Company's bloody lesson: on Vellore Fort mutiny of 1806", "An Account Of the Mutiny at Vellore, by the Lady of Sir John Fancourt, the Commandant, who was killed there July 9th, 1806", More about Madras Army and Vellore mutiny, Memorial to H. M. 69th Regiment, who defended Vellore Fort during the uprising, at Church of South India Cemetery, Vellore, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Vellore_mutiny&oldid=1000215917, Military history of the British East India Company, Indian independence movement in Tamil Nadu, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 04:02. The mutiny was subdued by cavalry and artillery from Arcot. It was basically caused by resentment at new British regulations that ordered changes in headgear and shaving style and the prohibition of ornaments and caste marks for the Indian troops. [13], Two hours after midnight on 10 July, the sepoys killed fourteen of their own officers and 115 men of the 69th Regiment,[14]most of the latter as they slept in their barracks. In all, nearly 350[19] of the rebels were killed, and about the same number wounded before the fighting had finished. in Japanese studies from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It was now turn to look at the foreign countries and establish diplomatic relations with them. [28], English poet Sir Henry Newbolt's poem "Gillespie" is an account of the events of the Vellore mutiny.[29]. 6 ... more trustworthy. Who was the Governor-General of India during the sepoy Mutiny ? Vellore mutiny. The events of 1857 (which involved the Bengal Army and did not affect the Madras Army) caused the British crown to take over company property and functions within India through the Government of India Act 1858 which saw the total dissolution of the East India Company. Her manuscript account, written two weeks after the massacre, describes how she and her children survived as her husband perished. Pillar at Hazrath Makkaan Junction commemorating the Vellore sepoy mutiny. [10] However, Tipu's sons were reluctant to take charge after the mutiny arose. The office was created in 1773, with the title of Governor-General … Who was the Governor General of India during the sepoy Mutiny ? Gillespie dashed ahead of the main force with a single troop of about twenty men. Lord William Bentinck, the governor of Madras (now Chennai), and Sir John Cradock (later John Caradock, 1st Baron Howden), the commander in chief at Madras, were both recalled. [12] The usual practice for sepoys having families with them in Vellore was to live in individual huts outside the walls. osocrabannod18 osocrabannod18 16.10.2019 History Junior High School Who was the governor general during the mutiny? 2. There are some parallels between the Vellore Mutiny and that of the Indian Rebellion of 1857, although the latter was on a much larger scale. Ken Pletcher was Senior Editor, Geography and History for Encyclopædia Britannica. John Blakiston, the engineer who had blown in the gates, recalled: "Even this appalling sight I could look upon, I may almost say, with composure. The three Madras battalions involved in the mutiny were all disbanded. [23] The Governor of Madras, William Bentinck, too was recalled, the Company's Court of Directors regretting that "greater care and caution had not been exercised in examining into the real sentiments and dispositions of the sepoys before measures of severity were adopted to enforce the order respecting the use of the new turban." Vellore sepoy mutiny was the first instance of a large-scale and violent mutiny by Indian sepoys against the East India Company which was in 10 July 1806. University of Bombay, Calcutta, Madras was established in 1857. Ramparts and the moat of the Vellore fort The orders regarding the 'new turbans' (round hats) were also cancelled. Lord Canning. Who was the governor general of India during the sepoy mutiny? In 1807 Lord Minto came to India as Governor General. [1], The immediate causes of the mutiny revolved mainly around resentment felt towards changes in the sepoy dress code, introduced in November 1805. Hundreds of mutineers were killed, either in the fighting or in subsequent executions by the British. The Tears of the Rajas is a sweeping history of the British in India, seen through the experiences of a single Scottish family. The July 10 outbreak, though encouraged by the Mysore princes, was basically caused by resentment at new British regulations that ordered changes in headgear and shaving style and the prohibition of ornaments and caste marks for the Indian troops. Lord Lytton Lord Dalhousie Lord Hardinge Lord Canning BEST EXPLANATION: Lord Canning As per certain theories, The Vellore mutiny has a major similarity with the revolt of 1857. Little effort was made by the British to reassure the men or listen to their grievances, which included the belief that the regulations were detrimental to the religious practices of both Hindus and Muslims. Modern History | Governor general-George Barlow and vellore mutiny(1806). [18], The prompt and ruthless response to the mutiny snuffed out any further unrest in a single stroke and provided the history of the British in India with one of its true epics; for, as Gillespie admitted, with a delay of even five minutes, all would have been lost for the British. An unwise order by the commander in chief of the Madras army had forbidden the native troops to wear their traditional beards and turbans; Bentinck, even more unwisely, would not allow the order to be rescinded. There were also complaints about the sepoys’ pay. The town has a memorial dedicated to the mutineers of 1806; a sort of Indian mutiny memorial. That's it. Just better. Nine hours after the outbreak of the mutiny, a relief force comprising the British 19th Light Dragoons, galloper guns and a squadron of Madras cavalry, rode from Arcot to Vellore, covering 16 miles (26 km) in about two hours. The 19th and the Madras Cavalry then charged and sabred any sepoy who stood in their way. A. Blanco B. [5][6][7], In addition to the military grievances listed above, the rebellion was also instigated by the sons of the defeated Tipu Sultan, confined at Vellore since 1799. Key Words: Vellore Mutiny, Cradock, Vellore Fort, Revolt. The objectives of the civilian conspirators remain obscure but by seizing and holding the fort they may have hoped to encourage a general rising through the territory of the former Mysore Sultanate. The Governors-General were originally the head of the British administration in India during Colonial rule. 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